Nike is frequently at the forefront of shoe innivation. Their latest design (Nike Flyknit) is composed of an "intricate patchrowkr of yarn, cables and fabric." The concept of the shoe is based on the comfort and fit of a sock. Make sure you read the article to see a video explaining this incredible new innovation.
"THE NEW FLYKNIT SHOE WAS THE PRODUCT OF FOUR YEARS OF R&D, WHICH YIELDED NEW MACHINES FOR A FABRICATION TECHNIQUE THAT NEVER EXISTED BEFORE."